A U.S. Army official said this week that service members could be outnumbered and outgunned in future conflicts.
Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster, who serves as deputy commanding general of the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, made the projection during remarks Tuesday at the Association of the United States Army conference in Huntsville, Alabama.
HUNTSVILLE, Alabama – The Army is too small and could be outgunned in future conflicts, service officials said March 15.
The warnings came at a time when the ground force is shrinking and potential adversaries are improving their military technologies.
“Future Army forces may be not only outnumbered … but we also may face enemies who have overmatch capability over us in some key areas,” Lt. Gen. H. R. McMaster, deputy commanding general of U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, said at an Association of the United States Army conference in Huntsville, Alabama.
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“We see obviously in Europe in particular that we may have Army forces that are also to some degree out of position to deter conflict or then to respond to and resolve conflict,” he added.
Adversary technologies that pose an increasing threat to U.S. forces include: sophisticated air defenses; highly capable anti-tank weapons; unmanned aerial systems and associated swarm capabilities; long-range rockets and artillery; cyber weapons; electronic warfare; anti-satellite capabilities; and advanced combat vehicles.
Meanwhile, the Army’s ability to modernize as well as field and sustain critical capabilities “is being sorely tested on all fronts,” said Katrina McFarland, acting assistant secretary of the Army for acquisition, technology and logistics.
The United States has not kept pace with potential adversaries’ advanced combat vehicles, McMaster said, noting that other countries are developing better protective systems for their vehicles. The service also falls short on armor, he added.
“Our Army has become too light,” he said. “Some people made some strange assumptions about the nature of future war that really have not panned out right that you just really need to be lean and nimble” to prevail.
Officials are examining options for growing capacity when it comes to armored brigade combat teams, he noted.
To counter emerging threats, the service needs to acquire more “disruptive capabilities,” officials said. Those include: robotics; artificial intelligence; aviation platforms such as future vertical lift; networking capabilities; electronic warfare; and advanced combat vehicles.
“We don’t want a fair fight,” McMaster said. “If we show up with ‘U.S. Army’ on our chests in large numbers, [we want to ensure] you’re going to get your ass kicked,” he said.
The Army also needs to speed up the acquisition process, McFarland said. The service is setting up a rapid capabilities office to that end.
“One of the things that we have to think about similar to what we’re doing in some of the small radios is disposability — use and lose” certain items, she said.
But high-tech gear won’t compensate for having too small a force, officials said. The Army would have a limited surge and force regeneration capacity in the event of conflict, they noted.
“We know we have capacity challenges right now,” said Maj. Gen. William Hix, director of strategy, plans and policy in the office of the deputy chief of staff. “Technology is unlikely to solve this problem in the short or medium term.”
In particular, McMaster said that the Army has not kept up with emerging adversaries’ advanced combat vehicles, adding that other nations have developed better means to protect their vehicles. Officials at the conference emphasized that the Army needs to acquire more “disruptive capabilities” to thwart possible threats, such as robotics, artificial intelligence, electronic warfare, and advanced combat vehicles.
“Prepare for the unknown by studying how others in the past have coped with the unforeseeable and the unpredictable.”
“We don’t want a fair fight,” McMaster said Tuesday. “If we show up with ‘U.S. Army’ on our chests in large numbers, [we want to ensure] you’re going to get your ass kicked.”
The Army has endured significant reductions in force over the past five years amid budget cuts. The service disclosed in a report to Congress last October that it had cut 80,000 soldiers since 2010 and intends to shrink the force by another 40,000 soldiers by the end of next fiscal year. The Army’s force will be reduced to 450,000 active duty troops by the end of fiscal year 2017, the report indicated.
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